When I went to India for a public health internship, I knew one of the things I wanted to do in my free time was take a motorcycle trip. We always love to rent motorcycles and scooters when we travel because of the independence it allows. It lets us see the full extent of the landscapes around us, rather than just the pinhole view that bus or train windows allow, and it lets us stop whenever we want – to take photos, to rest, to just enjoy where we are. A motorcycle or scooter means being free to travel wherever we please and able to get off the beaten path.
So in my final week in India, as I was looking for the ideal motorcycle ride, it seemed only fitting that I get as far as possible from the places I’d already gotten to know (the desert plains of Rajasthan) and experience the country as independently as I could. Looking for something budget-friendly and relatively accessible, I decided to base myself in Manali, a town at the foot of the Himalayas near India’s border with Pakistan. It’s a place that’s become popular with backpackers, but also with those seeking adventure in the high peaks outside of town.Looking for adventure? Try this motorcycle trip through the Himalayas of northern India. Click To Tweet
I rented a motorcycle near Manali to ride the Manali-Leh Highway to the top of Rohtang Pass, a name that alarmingly translates to “pile of corpses.” It’s not the easiest place to ride, but it definitely offers some of the finest views in India – and since it only takes half a day round-trip, it fit nicely into my cramped schedule. I did the trip in August, but it can be done any time from early May through the end of October; snow covers the mountain during the rest of the year, and the road is closed.
Getting to Manali
India may be famous for its cheap and extensive railways, but Manali is one location that can’t be reached by train. The best option is the Volvo Luxury Bus from Delhi, a 13-hour overnight ride that costs under $15. “Luxury” only refers to the size of the plush seats, though. The Himalayan roads make for a rough ride, and some of the curvier sections inevitably lead to motion sickness (the bus companies know this and equip all seats with a sickness bag).
Manali came to prominence as a hill station, the name for towns British colonists visited to escape the oppressive heat of Indian summers. Since India’s independence, Manali has transformed itself into a tourist hotspot for those seeking outdoor adventure (hiking, downhill skiing, paragliding, zorbing, and of course, motorcycle touring).
One of the most interesting areas of town to explore is the main walkway, the Manali Mall, which is lined with stalls selling food and goods. Many of the town’s residents are actually Tibetan, so the Mall is filled with their delicious food and colorful tapestries, which you won’t find in other regions of India.
The section of town known as Old Manali, 1.5 miles northwest of the Manali Mall, is another popular area where many guesthouses are located. Here you can find restaurants serving British, American, Italian, Thai, and Israeli cuisine (and everything in between). The crafts and other wares being sold here are far from authentic, but if you’re in need of food, sleep, or basic amenities, Old Manali probably has what you’re looking for.
Renting a Motorcycle
Most of the motorcycle rental companies are in Vashisht, just a couple miles down the road from Manali. Enfield Center Manali and Bike Rentals Manali have bikes that can get you up the mountain, and they also organize multi-day group tours to Leh.
The most common motorcycle for rent at these shops is the Royal Enfield Bullet 500cc. I love these bikes because their appearance hasn’t changed much since the 1950s. There’s something nostalgic about them – reminding you that a motorcycle embodies the freedom of the open road and harkening back to a time when the world was less explored. The cost for a one-day rental is $20-$30, depending on the season (costs go down during the monsoons when fewer tourists visit). Prices are higher for non-Indian brands like Yamaha or Honda, though they’ll probably be newer and have better tires.
Even if you’re not that well versed in motorcycle maintenance, it’s absolutely critical to do at least a basic inspection of the bike before heading off. When I was there, some of the bikes for rent in Vashisht had worn out tires that were cracked and completely smooth. Large segments of the road to Rohtang Pass degrade into mud and gravel, and a smooth tire won’t get much traction. So make sure your bike has relatively new tires, and look for bikes with dirt bike tires if you can, though they’re usually only on the more expensive ones. Also check that nothing is loose on the bike, like a fender, fairing, or mirror; having parts fall off your motorcycle on a narrow road at 13,000 feet isn’t fun.
It’s always important to have safety equipment on motorcycle trips, especially for rough rides like this one. All the rental companies I saw provided motorcycle helmets for the driver, and rented them for passengers. A sturdy helmet with a face shield is best, because the trucks on the Manali-Leh Highway kick up rocks, and you do not want one of those hitting you in the face. If you can find one, it’s also a good idea to rent a motorcycle jacket. Not only will it keep you warm, which is critically important near the summit, but it also gives you some protection from getting scraped up in a fall. Motorcycle gloves can be helpful too, as cold hands are not only uncomfortable, but also don’t operate the brakes and throttle as well as warm ones; for this trip, they’re really only vital near the beginning and the end of the riding season.
I spent the night before the ride in Manali, which was helpful for acclimating to the altitude (the town is already a 6,000-foot rise from Delhi). If you’re intending to go further than Rohtang Pass, you might want to rent your bike and then stay in the Solang Valley further up the road. There’s not much going on there and the hotels are more expensive, but its elevation of 8,500 feet will do more to acclimate you for the later sections of the trip that climb even higher.
Important to note: There’s a checkpoint outside Manali that effectively closes the road to Rohtang Pass on Tuesdays from 9am to 6pm. However, if you pass the checkpoint before 9am, you can continue on the road, and you’ll have it almost completely to yourself.
The Ride to Rohtang Pass
The first six miles from Vashisht to the Solang Valley is relatively flat. The road parallels the Beas River, and it’s easy to imagine how this boulder-filled waterway swells during the rains to allow for absolutely thrilling white-water rafting. For these first few miles, the road is in perfect condition, and you’ll wonder how this route earned its “pile of corpses” moniker.
After Solang Valley, the road takes a turn and begins its ascent up the mountain with a series of switchbacks. The pavement is still unbroken here, and there are a couple of restaurants and guesthouses (the ones you might want to stay at if you’re planning to travel beyond Rohtang Pass) that give the area the appearance of civilization. Depending on the season, you may see paragliders sailing elegantly into the nearby fields; they jump from an area right off the road, just a few thousand feet above.
At the tenth mile marker from Vashisht, the switchbacks get much steeper, and the road gives a taste of its true character. But this is also where you can see the majesty that is the Himalayas. Dozens of waterfalls cascade from the steep cliffs above, and the overlooks provide stunning vistas of the valley below.
As you pass above tree line, the road becomes completely unpredictable. Some sections have near perfect pavement, making the fog the only impediment. But in other areas, the road is almost completely washed away, and the government doesn’t even attempt to maintain pavement, as it would need to be replaced yearly. Here, there’s only packed mud and the gravel left behind from rockslides, and workers can be seen removing troublesome stones by hand. The dense fog can make it impossible to see around the next bend, leaving you to ascend into the unknown of the clouds.
Even if you’re an experienced rider, some struggling is likely in the unpaved sections; I’m not too proud to admit that my bike tipped over in the gelatinous mud more than once. The key is to keep calm, pick the bike back up, and restart it. With any luck, this will only happen a couple of times. Royal Enfield motorcycles are incredibly reliable and usually start back up without issue, even covered in mud.
Upon reaching the summit at Rohtang Pass, the road is impeccable, and the air becomes completely clear. The snow, rain, and fog found on the south side of the mountains are completely absent here, and the views go on for miles. The only thing spoiling the views might be the throngs of tourists who’ve reached the summit by jeep taxi, hopping out to take selfies – an unearned victory for them, given the grueling journey motorcyclists take to get here. The barren mountains beyond give a hint at the otherworldly landscapes that can be found further along the road to Leh.
Going Onward to Leh
My limited time and the unpredictable weather of monsoon season prevented me from continuing on past Rohtang Pass, but the 300-mile, two- to three-day ride to Leh is considered one of most beautiful in all of India, if not the world. The road winds up and over even higher mountain passes than Rohtang, making altitude sickness an ever-present danger, and it crosses streams that require strong riding skills. Despite that, returning to India and riding to Leh is certainly near the top of my bucket list. There are great resources out there if you’re looking to do the trip before I get the chance to write about it.
Unfortunately, I’m not sure how much longer the ride from Manali to Rohtang Pass will be possible. The Indian government is in the process of burrowing a tunnel through the mountain, which will cut the journey from Manali to Keylong on the other side of the pass from five hours to thirty minutes and eliminate most of the elevation gain. Given the high cost, I’m not sure if the government will keep the road over the pass open once the tunnel is completed in a few years (although the ride over the mountains from Keylong to Leh will remain the same). But the road should be an economic boon to the area, which is wonderful news for people living in the isolated towns on the north side of the mountains.
Have you taken any motorcycle trips in India?
Thanks to Bike Bandit for generously sponsoring this post. As always, all opinions are our own.